#AtoZChallenge: #Cooking Terms – Ovens

OAn oven is a thermally insulated chamber used for cooking and heating foods.    Baking and roasting is done from below while broiling is done from above.  Ovens are typically fueled using electricity or natural gas.

There are about 5 different kinds of oven.  They include:

  • Ceramic ovens:  The ceramic oven is an oven constructed of clay or any other ceramic material and takes different forms depending on the culture.
  • Gas Ovens
  • Masonry Ovens:  Masonry ovens consist of a baking chamber made of fireproof brick, concrete, stone, or clay. Modern masonry ovens are often fired with natural gas or even electricity and are closely associated with artisanal bread and pizza.
  • Wall ovens:  Wall ovens make it easier to work with large roasting pans and Dutch ovens.  The width is typically 24, 27, or 30 inches.
  • Convection Oven:  A convection oven (also known as a fan-assisted oven or simply a fan oven) is an oven that has fans to circulate air around food.


  • The earliest ovens were found in Central Europe dating back to 29,000 BC. They were roasting and boiling pits inside yurts.
  • Ceramic Ovens can be dated back as far as 3,000 BC, and they have been argued to have their origins in the Indus Valley.
  • Front-loaded bread ovens were developed in ancient Greece  (approximately 800 to 146 BC)
  • Brick ovens dates back to roman Times (starting about 27 BC)
  • Gas Ovens were first recorded to be used in 1802.  In 1834 British inventor James Sharp began to commercially produce gas ovens and in 1851 gas ovens made their appearance at the “Great Exhibition”
  • The first electric ovens were invented in the very late 19th century  but did not gain in popularity until after the 20th century when electricity became more commonplace.
  • The microwave as a cooking tool was discovered by Percy Spencer in 1946
  • The earliest use of a circulating fan in a domestic oven dates from 1967 by the Malleable Iron Range Company.


Join me on an A to Z Journey of Cooking Terms throughout the month of April.


Share your thoughts

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s